Follow Us On:

Exploring Polypropylene (PP) Granules: Types, Uses & Advantages

Polypropylene Granules consist of tiny, solid particles derived from polypropylene. PP granules is a versatile thermoplastic polymer. They are renowned for their outstanding physical and chemical attributes. Their attributes include high chemical resistance, durability, and low melting point. Additionally, these granules have extensive applications across diverse industries. They serve as essential raw materials for manufacturing plastic items. They are extensively used in processes like injection moulding, extrusion, and blow moulding.

What are Polypropylene (PP) Granules?

Polypropylene (PP) plastic is a semi-rigid and durable thermoplastic polymer. It is derived from the monomer propylene. This versatile and cost-effective material is characterized by its lightweight nature. Thus making it the lightest polymer among commodity plastics. Polypropylene has applications in a wide range of products. Its application ranges from everyday items like plastic bottles to various industrial uses. First polymerized in 1951, PP has become one of the most widely utilized plastics globally.

Polypropylene’s widespread popularity stems from its distinctive material properties.   

Polypropylene Properties

Chemical Formula(C3H6)n
Partially CrystallinePolypropylene exhibits both crystalline and amorphous regions within its molecular structure.
Crystalline RegionsHighly ordered and tightly packed.
Amorphous RegionsDisordered and loosely packed.
Similar to Polyethylene (PE)Polypropylene shares some properties with PE. But it is slightly harder and provides higher heat resistance.

Types of Polypropylene (PP) Granules

1. Polypropylene Homopolymer

PP Homopolymer is the most widely used general-purpose grade. It contains only propylene monomer.

  • Applications: packaging, textiles, healthcare, pipes, automotive, electrical.

2. Polypropylene Copolymer

PP Copolymer is produced by polymerizing propene and ethane. Its subtypes are random copolymers and block copolymers.

3. Polypropylene Impact Copolymer

PP Impact Copolymer contains a co-mixed PP Random Copolymer phase. Its Ethylene content is 45-65%. Applications: packaging, houseware, film, pipe, automotive, electrical.  

4. Expanded Polypropylene (EPP)

EPP is a closed-cell bead foam with ultra-low density. Its features are a higher strength-to-weight ratio, excellent impact resistance, thermal insulation, and chemical and water resistance. Applications: automobiles, packaging, construction products, consumer goods.

5. Polypropylene Terpolymer

PP Terpolymer is composed of propylene segments joined by monomers ethylene and butane. It offers better transparency than the PP homopolymer. It is suitable for sealing film applications.  

6. Polypropylene High Melt Strength (HMS)

HMS is a long chain-branched material with high melt strength and extensibility. Its features include a wide mechanical property range, high heat stability, and good chemical resistance. Applications: soft, low-density foams for food packaging, automotive, construction.

7. Bio-based Polypropylene

It is a bio-based version of PP derived from renewable feedstocks. Its Bio-based content varies from 30-100%. Applications: various grades are available for different applications, including food packaging, automotive, and construction.

Selecting the Right Polypropylene (PP) Type

Consider required material properties, manufacturing methods, and cost requirements when selecting the appropriate PP grade.

Polypropylene Homopolymer vs. Copolymers

 PP Homopolymer (PPH)Copolymers
Strength-to-weight ratioHigherLower than PPH
Impact strengthLowerHigher
StiffnessStiffer   Softer

Advantages of Polypropylene (PP) Granules

1. Injection Molding

Polypropylene is well-suited to the injection molding process. Thus enabling the creation of exceptionally thin layers of plastic. This versatility makes it ideal for applications such as hinges on medication pots, lids on shampoo bottles, and other containers subject to frequent bending and manipulation, requiring durability.

2. Twisting Motions of Up to 360 Degree

Polypropylene can withstand twisting motions of up to 360 degrees without breaking. Thus making it highly resilient. Moreover, it is cost-effective and straightforward to produce. It is readily available in numerous countries and communities.

3. Highest Durability and Versatility

Its high chemical and fatigue resistance further enhances its durability and versatility as a packaging material. It is particularly useful for hinges and bottle tops. It offers flexibility in color. It is also available as opaque or transparent thermoplastic. It is suitable for applications requiring light transmission.

4. Lighter Density

With its lighter density, polypropylene is suitable for weight-sensitive applications. Additionally, it is waterproof and highly resistant to moisture absorption. Thus adding benefits and flexibility to various packaging.

5. High Flexural Strength

Its semi-crystalline nature provides high flexural strength. Thus rendering it resilient to wear and tear, making it ideal for items subjected to physical stress. Furthermore, it exhibits resilience against mildew, mould, rot, and bacteria.  

Uses of Polypropylene (PP) Granules

1. Material Handling

Polypropylene, a common choice for plastic pallets and material handling equipment, offers durability tailored to specific applications.

2. Automobile Industry

From car batteries to bumpers and interior components, polypropylene plays a vital role in various automotive parts, ensuring both strength and functionality.

3. Packaging Material

With its affordability and versatility, polypropylene has become a staple in packaging, replacing traditional materials like paper and cellophane. It finds its way into pallets, bottles, jars, food containers, and more.

4. Medical Applications

Polypropylene’s ability to withstand rigorous sterilization processes makes it indispensable in medical settings. It’s utilized in medical device construction and packaging for both liquid and solid pharmaceuticals.

5. Toys

Polypropylene ensures the durability of many toys, making them built to last.

Methods of Processing PP Granules

Polypropylene lends itself to virtually all processing methods. Among the most common methods are:

1. Injection Molding with Polypropylene (PP) Granules

The processing parameters for PP injection molding are as follows:

  • Melt temperature: 200-300°C
  • Mold temperature: 10-80°C
  • Drying is unnecessary if stored correctly
  • Higher mould temperature enhances the brilliance and appearance of the part
  • Mold shrinkage ranges from 1.5% to 3%, influenced by processing conditions, polymer rheology, and final piece thickness
  • Expanded Polypropylene (EPP) can undergo a specialized moulding process. It is particularly suited for injection molding and both batch and continuous production.

2. Extrusion with Polypropylene (PP) Granules

PP is extrudable into tubes, blow and cast films, cables, etc. The processing parameters for PP extrusion are as follows:

  • Melt temperature: 200-300°C
  • Compression Ratio: 3:1
  • Cylinder Temperatures: 180-205°C
  • Pre-Drying: Not required; 3 hours at 105-110°C (221-230°F) for regrind

3. 3D Printing with Polypropylene (PP) Granule

Though tough, fatigue-resistant, and durable, PP is challenging for 3D Printing due to its:

  • Semi-crystalline structure
  • Proneness to heavy warping
  • Some manufacturers have optimized PP properties or developed blends with improved toughness. Thus making it suitable for 3D Printing. Refer thoroughly to supplier documentation for printing temperature, bed, etc. PP is suitable for:
  • Complex models
  • Prototypes
  • Small series of components
  • Functional models

4. Explore other processing methods for Polypropylene (PP) Granules

  • Injection blow molding PP grades
  • Injection stretch blow molding PP grades
  • Extrusion blow molding PP grades
  • Compression molding PP grades
  • Thermoforming PP grades
  • Rotational molding PP grades

There are certain grades that are tailored for specific conversion modes. This includes blow molding, compression molding, thermoforming, etc.

How to Clean Polypropylene Plastic?

Cleaning polypropylene plastic is a straightforward process. For lightly soiled areas, a damp cloth or sponge suffices. For tougher stains, use water with a mild cleaner, avoiding harsh or abrasive liquids that may cause surface damage.

Here are some pointers

  • Opt for cleaning cloths, wipes, or synthetic sponges instead of plastic or steel wool pads.
  • Utilize a gentle liquid soap.
  • Use a soft brush for cleaning crevices.
  • Promptly address marks made by pens or markers before they dry.
  • For heavily soiled surfaces with paint stains or adhesives, seek assistance from a specialist.


In essence, PP granules play a vital role in manufacturing top-notch, resilient plastic goods. Their distinctive composition enables customization, rendering them adaptable across a multitude of uses. As environmental awareness expands, opting for PP granules presents a sustainable choice. Thus ensuring a more promising outlook for both producers and consumers alike. Opt for PP granules to prioritize quality, longevity, and environmental consciousness.

About AVH Polychem

AVH Polychem Pvt. Ltd. is distinguished as a leading supplier of Polypropylene (PP) Granules throughout India. We directly import material from leading manufacturers around the globe . We cater to a diverse clientele, ranging from large corporations to smaller plastic enterprises. We offer our services across India.